Vsa aktualna obvestila so objavljena v spletni učilnici.

Lecturer: Prof. Dr. Franc Smole


Aim of the Course

To comprehend structures, basic principles of operation and properties of semiconductor devices and on examples of basic configurations present the main purposes of applications.

Knowledge of semiconductor devices is important for the understanding of the analog and digital electronics, power electronics, optoelectronics, photonics and emerging nanoelectronics.



Classifications of semiconductors. Carrier transport phenomena. Carrier generation and recombination.

The pn junction diode: ideal and nonideal current-voltage relationship, small-signal model of the pn junction, junction breakdown, diode transients. Special diode types: the tunnel diode, the Schottky barrier diode, heterojunctions. Diode circuits: rectifier, limiting and clamping circuits.

The bipolar transistor: the basic principle of operation, simplified transistor current relations, the modes of operation, amplification with bipolar transistors, equivalent circuit models, frequency limitations, large-signal switching, basic single-stage amplifier configurations, basic logic inverter.

The junction field-effect transistor (JFET): the basic JFET operation, pinchoff voltage, saturation voltage, current-voltage relationship, transconductance. The metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET): the basic MOSFET operation, current-voltage relationship, small-signal equivalent circuit, basic configurations of single-stage amplifiers, the CMOS digital logic inverter.

Semiconductor power devices: pnpn diode, diac, thyristor, triac, insulated-gate bipolar transistor (IGBT).

Optical devices: optical absorption, photoluminescence and electroluminescence, light emitting diodes, laser diodes, photodetectors: photoconductor, photodiode, pin photodiode, avalanche photodiode, phototransistor, solar cells.

Nanoelectronics and nanotechnology: basic definitions, trends in the field of nanoelectronics, nanoconductors, transport properties of semiconductor nanostructures, nanodevices.



  • Franc Smole,  Polprevodniška elektronika, Založba FE in FRI, 2011.
  • Franc Smole, Marko Topič, Elementi polprevodniške elektronike,  Založba FE in FRI, 2005.
  • Pulfrey David L.: Understanding Modern Transistors and Diodes
  • Neamen, Donald A.: Semiconductor Physics and Devices
  • Sedra, Adel S., Smith, Kenneth C.: Microelectronic Circuits
  • Sze, S. M.: Modern Semiconductor Device Physics
  • Sze, S. M.: Semiconductor Devices
  • Hanson, George W.: Fundamentals of Nanoelectronics